Lamium is a genus of flowering plants in the family Lamiaceae, comprising about 40-50 species. Lamium is herbaceous plant and is native to Europe, Asia and north Africa. Lamium's common name is Deadnettle, which refer to its superficial resemblance to the unrelated stinging nettles, but unlike those, it lacks stinging hairs and harmless, thus its name.
Lamium album (White Deadnettle) can grow to a height of 50-100cm, with green and four-angles stems. It has long (3-8cm), broad(2-5cm), triangular with a rounded base leaves. The leaves are covered with soft hair that do not sting, and serrated margin and a petiole of about 5cm long. The young leaves are edible. They can be used as salad or cooked as a vegetable. Lamium album is also used in herbal medicine, such as in dermatological remedy. The beautiful flowers attract bees, hence the plant is sometimes called the Bee Nettle.
Lamium is a food plant for larvae of some Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths) species such as the Angel Shades and Setaceous Hebrew Character.
Lamium includes both the annual and perennial species. It spread by both seeds and stems rooting as they grow along the ground. These useful and spreading plants not only grow well in shade, moisture-retentive and well-drained soil, it is also a good groundcover with its attractive foliage. They have invasive habits and need plenty of room. Look out for pests such as slugs and snails.