Crinum pedunculatum (Swamp lily)



Crinum pedunculatum (Swamp lily, River lily, Mangrove lily) is a species of flowering plant of the family Amaryllidaceae, native to northern Australia, New Guinea, New Caledonia, and various south Pacific islands. The species is usually found on the edge of forests, and also at the high tide level close to mangroves. The specific epithet pedunculatum is from Latin pedunculatus, meaning with a peduncle, in referring to the long flower stalks.

Crinum pendunculatum is a bulbous perennial growing 2-3 m tall and up to 3 m wide. The dark green leaves are strap-like, up to 2 m long and 5-15 cm wide; erect upper leaves and spreading lower leaves . The inflorescence is an umbel consisting of 10-40 flowers borne on a scape up to 150 cm high. Each pleasantly fragrant flower is 10 cm wide, mostly white, but a form with reddish-purple flowers also occurs. Stamens with filaments are 3-6.5 cm long, pink, red or purple in color. The fruit is a rounded, beaked seed capsule, 2-5 cm across, containing one to several seeds.

Crinum pendunculatum is a hardy and very versatile plant, making a great feature plant for the home garden. The plant grows well in a wide range condition from full sun to partial shade, well-drained soil with a regular flow of watering, and can tolerates poor drainage and clay soils. The plant tolerates frosts and also suitable for coastal areas. It can also be planted as container plant.

Propagation is by suckers and seeds. Pests and diseases are caterpillars, snail and slugs and leaf spots.

Crinum pendunculatumCrinum pendunculatum
photo sourcehttp://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fraser_Island_wildflower.jpg
authorshipFrank Kam
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