Kiwi Fruit (Actinidia)



Actinidia (kiwifruit), is a genus of woody plants from temperate eastern Asia, from China to Taiwan, Korea and Japan, and extending north to southeast Siberia and south into Indochina. The best known species is Actinidia deliciosa, also known as Actinidia chinensis, which is originally called Chinese gooseberry, but now marketed as kiwi fruit.

The Actinidia has leaves that are alternate, simple, with a dentate margin and a long petiole. The Actinidia flowers are solitary or in axillary cymes. The flowers are usually white, with five small petals. Most of the species has separate male and female plants, but some are monoecious. The fruit of most species of Actinidia is edible.

Botanical Name Actinidia
Features
  • Deciduous climber
  • Colorful foliage
  • Flowers in summer, fruiting in autumn
  • Planting condition In sun, sheltered from wind, in well-drained soil
    Propagation Seed in autumn or spring, semi-ripe cuttings in summer, graft in summer
    Pests and diseases Aphids, mildew

    Kiwi Fruit Photo Album

    Actinidia, female flower of kiwi fruitActinidia, female flower of kiwi fruit
    by Mnolf (GFDL)

    Actinidia argutaActinidia arguta
    by Sten Porse (GFDL)

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