) is an evergreen conifer. Among them is Balsam Fir, Abies balsamea
, which is fragrant, from which several dwarf forms were derived and became popular in small gardens. Balsam Fir will not grow on shallow, chalky soil or in heavily polluted air. So if you live near a busy road, it is best not to try growing it.
Korean fir, Abies koreana
forms an attractive cone shape. Its leaves are dark green and bluish on the underside. There are several cultivars, the best known being "Silberlocke", with slightly twisted leaves.
Abies grows well in sun, in well-drained neutral to acid soil. Propagation is by seed in late winter and grafting in winter. Pests and diseases are adelgids and honey fungus.
Abies alba, with ruler